FIFA LAWS OF THE GAME ~ 2012/13
Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct
- The YELLOW CARD is used to communicate that a player, substitute or substituted player has been cautioned.
- The RED CARD is used to communicate that a player, substitute or substituted player has been sent off.
- ONLY a player, substitute or substituted player may be shown the RED or YELLOW Card.
- The referee has the authority to take disciplinary sanctions from the moment he/she enters the field of play until he/she leaves the field of play after the final whistle.
- A player who commits a cautionable ( Yellow) or sending off (Red) offence, either on or off the field of play, whether directed towards and opponent, a team-mate, the referee, an assistant referee or any other person, is disciplined according to the nature of the offence committed.
A player is cautioned and shown the Yellow Card if he/she commits any of the following 7 offenses:
- Unsporting Behaviour (USB)
- Dissent by word or action
- Persistent infringement of the Laws of the Game
- Delaying the restart of play
- Failure to respect the required distance when play is restarted with a corner kick, free kick, or throw-in.
- Entering or re-entering the field of play without the referee’s permission
- Deliberately leaving the field of play without the referee’s permission
A player, substitute or substituted player is sent off if he/she commits any of the following 7 offenses:
- Serious foul play
- Violent conduct
- Spitting at an opponent or any other person
- Denying an opposing team a goal or an obvious goal scoring opportunity by deliberately handling the ball (this does not apply to a goalkeeper within their own penalty area)
- Denying an obvious goal scoring opportunity to an opponent moving towards the player’s goal by an offense punishable by a free kick or a penalty kick
- Using offensive, insulting, and abusive language and/or gestures
- Receiving a second caution (Yellow Card) in the same match
A player, substitute or substituted player who has been sent off must leave the vicinity of the field of play and the technical area.